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How stringent are pilot's medical ?


Pilots below the age of 40 years are checked annually whereas those above are checked six monthly. Medical standards and certification are stringent. Their eyes, ear, nose, throat, equilibrium, mental, neurological, cardiovascular and general medical conditions are checked by Federal Air Surgeon or aviation trained doctors. A brief summary of the details are as follows:-


  • Distant visual acuity of 20/20 or better in each eye separately with or without glasses

  • Near vision of 20/40 or better, with or without glasses

  • Not color blind

  • General condition of the eyes meet the standard for issuance of the certificate.

Ear, Nose, Throat and Equilibrium

  • Able to hear a conversational voice in a quiet room using both ears at a distance of 6 feet.

  • Score at least 70 % in the audiometric speech discrimination test

  • Middle or internal ear, nose, oral cavity does not interfere with the clear and effective speech communication.

  • No decease or condition that may affect vertigo and disturbance of equilibrium.


  • No personality or mental disorder

  • No substance (such as alcohol, sedatives or psychoactive drugs) dependence


  • No epilepsy


  • No history of heart attack

General Medical Condition

  • No medical history of diabetes

  • No medical defect or limitation that the Federal Air Surgeon finds him unable to safely perform the duties of a pilot.

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